Just another blog about food processing and the important of food processing. It is about the conversion of raw materials or ingredients into the consumer product. Food processing also can be defined as the branch of manufacturing that starts with raw animal, vegetable, or marine materials and transforms them into intermediate foods stuff or edible products through the application of labor, machinery, energy, and scientific knowledge.

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Manufacturing of popcorn

Almost all of the popcorn consumed throughout the world in grown in the United States.

Popcorn is ideally harvested when the moisture content of the grain is about 17%. Unlike most of other grains, the outer hull of the popcorn kernel is both strong and impervious to moisture and the starch inside consists almost entirely of hard, dense type.

Once the grain is harvested, it is slowly dried using aeration and low heat. This slow drying, low heat method is used to avoid kernel breakage and damage while reducing the moisture content to about 13.5 to 14% which is ideal for popping.

The kernels of popcorn are smaller than flint corn. When heated rapidly, they turn the moisture in the kernel, which has a moisture-proof hull, into a superheated pressured steam.

The pressure continues to increase until the breaking point of the hull is reached: a pressure of about 135 psi and a temperature of 180 °C. This pressure burst the outer shell and the entire inside of the kernel puffs into a mass of flaky starch.

Upon popping, the volume is 25 to 30 times greater than original kernel.
Manufacturing of popcorn

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